At the beginning of Cavana, the Museum of Oriental Art is housed in a historic 18th century building, the Palazzetto Leo, which dates back to 1747 and built by the architect Giovanni Fusconi.
The Leos had settled in Trieste in 1155 and in the 1600s they became barons of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1772 and 1773 it hosted Giacomo Casanova. Pietro Leo de Loewensberg died in 1814 and the family became extinct. At the beginning of the 20th century, Count Laval Nugent, heir to Baron de Zanchi, already owner of the second and third floors, bought the whole building and in 1954 it was donated to the Municipality of Trieste.
The Museum of Oriental Art was inaugurated on March 8, 2001 and houses collections of oriental art, travel memories, weapons, musical instruments and various kinds of artifacts from all over the Asian area, in particular the story of relations between Trieste and the East through the Suez Canal started in the 18th century, the interesting nucleus of Gandhara sculptures, embroidered Chinese silk fabrics,
porcelain from the Song period,

sculptures and objects related to Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism,
Japanese porcelain, collection of Ukiyo-e prints, works by great masters of Japanese art including Hiroshige and Hokusai with the famous Wave.


It is the apartment of a rich family of the Trieste entrepreneurial bourgeoisie of the 1800s who collected works of art and precious furnishings with refined taste.
The house represents a wonderful example of the princely style and opulence that characterized the families of the Trieste upper middle class.
In 1870 the sisters Emma and Fanny Mondolfo, married to the Morpurgo brothers, bought the building with number 839, now via Imbriani 5, and the adjacent one number 840, now via Mazzini 42. These ancient buildings were demolished, in 1875 the architect Giovanni Berlam designed a palace of elegant and sober neo-Renaissance forms. Giacomo and Fanny Morpurgo with their children Mario and Matilde,
in 1878, went to occupy the apartment located on the entire second floor, while Carlo Marco and Emma Morpurgo chose the one corresponding to the first floor
On Emma’s death the house passed entirely to her sister, who in 1938 made a deed of donation in favor of the children. Upon their death, both left their respective properties to the Municipality of Trieste. Mario Morpurgo in his will, drawn up in 1941, assigned the Municipality of Trieste as the heir of all its substance, in addition to the art collections, all the furniture and furnishings and all his assets were destined to create an intangible fund with the name Mario Morpurgo de Nilma. The still existing foundation aims to help needy people, with preference for those who have fallen, born and resident in Trieste.
The apartment on the second floor, with its furniture almost intact, became the Morpurgo Civic Museum and the one on the first floor was in 1950 used as a Museum of the Risorgimento and that of the History of the Homeland. A precious collection of eighteenth-century majolica,
vases from Savona, majolica from Faenza and Castelli l’Abruzzo, Japanese tableware, Bohemian glass and complete table sets in French Pillivuit porcelain with monogram, woodcuts and engravings by great artists such as Jacques Callot, Gérard Edelink, Pierre Drevet, Giandomenico Tiepolo, Francesco Bartolozzi, Jean Balvay, Max Klinger and Félix Vallotton and the gallery of sixty pictures, drawings and paintings
among these the oldest ones executed by artists from Luca Giordano’s circle, make the visit an experience unique life of a bourgeois family of the 1800s


Palazzo Tergesteo is a few steps from Piazza Borsa and Piazza Unità. Palazzo Tergesteo was built on the site of the Dogana Vecchia on the initiative of a group of shareholders, the “Società del Tergesteo”.
It was built in just two years on a project by the architect Francesco Bruyne and inaugurated on the evening of August 24, 1842. It cost about two million Austrian lire and was one of the last palaces in Trieste built in the neoclassical style. The building is spread over four floors above ground in addition to the ground floor and mezzanine and consists of four buildings separated by a gallery, located on the ground floor,
in the shape of a Greek cross and inspired by the Galleria de Cristoforis in Milan, covered gabled with metal frame.
The entrances to the building are located on the four sides of the building: there are four entrances to the gallery, two mirrored places, one main on Piazza della Borsa, and one on Piazza Verdi, and two others on via del Teatro and via Einaudi.

The two marble sculptural groups that dominate the main facades were added later. The one on the facade facing Piazza della Borsa, by Pietro Zandomeneghi, depicts the goddess of the sea Tethys, standing on a shell pulled by four horses and holding a baby in her arms and on the right Mercury, god of commerce. The sculpture represents the city of Trieste driven by the fortunes that come from the sea, but also from trade and the nascent industry.
The second sculptural group on the rear facade towards the Verdi Theater, by Antonio Bianchi, represents Neptune and Mercury with allegories of geography and history.
Il palazzo fu sede della Borsa triestina dal 1844 al 1928 e del Lloyd Austriaco dal 1857 al 1883 e divenne il luogo più rappresentativo di commercio e di ritrovo della Trieste ottocentesca.
Many famous people frequent the Tergesteo including the Trieste writer Italo Svevo, who used the gallery as a background for his novel, “Zeno’s Consciousness”.
During the Second World War and the years of the occupation the Palace suffered numerous damages and in 1957 the architect Alessandro Psacaropulo intervened on the gallery, replacing the original sloping roof with a glass-concrete structure. In 2009, careful restoration work brought the Tergesteo Palace back to the splendor of the Habsburg era and the heart of the intervention was the reconstruction of the Gallery in its original nineteenth-century version.
Inside the Gallery, an original wall clock, not working, marks the time and day when the deed of incorporation of the Tergesteo Joint-Stock Company was signed and from 1863.
Towards Piazza Verdi there was Caffè Tergesteo, one of the historic cafes of Trieste, characterized by stained glass windows depicting episodes from Trieste’s history, a meeting place for the cultural elite of the time and also very popular with the Trieste poet Umberto Saba. “Caffè Tergesteo … you reconcile the Italian and the Slavic, late at night, along your billiard table”.


Duino Castle is located in the municipality of Duino-Aurisina, a few kilometers from Trieste. In 1389, to replace the Castelvecchio dating back to the 10th century still visible on the spur of the rock overlooking the sea, Ugone di Duino, captain of Trieste, ordered the construction of a Castle which was built on the ruins of a Roman outpost incorporating a tower of the 16th century.

Owned for over 420 years by the Della Torre di Valsassina family first and then by the princes della Torre and Tasso, the history of the family is linked to the management of postal services which was exercised by the family, from 1400 onwards, for more than 350 years. in several European countries, including Italy, Austria, Germany, Hungary and the Netherlands.

The Castle during the First World War suffered extensive damage and was largely rebuilt. Since 1600, many important personalities both in the political and artistic worlds have been hosted in the castle of the princes including: Gabriele D’Annunzio, Franz Listz, Paul Valery, the empress Sissi and the archduke Francesco Ferdinando.

The Prague poet Reiner Maria Rilke, in a period of his life, was a guest of Princess Maria della Torre and Tasso to whom he dedicated the “Duino Elegies” that had been conceived and started during the long walks that the poet used to take around the Castle . In homage to the poet it was inaugurated in 1987 ”

The Rilke path “, a 2-kilometer panoramic walk at the edge of the karst ridge overlooking the sea that connects the towns of Duino and Sistiana. During the route there are some war posts open to the sea. From the manor you can enjoy a wonderful view on the steep rocky walls overlooking the sea.

The Castle has a magnificent park with 21,000 flowers in regular rotation. romantic avenues full of statues and archaeological finds,

and from the wonderful terraces and from the terraces you can enjoy a wonderful view of the sea.

The Castle during the First World War suffered extensive damage and was largely rebuilt. Under the park of the Castle, at a depth of 18 meters, there is a bunker built during the Second World War in the rock. Today it can be visited and has been transformed into a mini-museum with period relics exhibited in a large room of 400 square meters.


The Castle of San Giusto is the symbol of the city and is located on the top of the homonymous hill. Its origins date back to the mid-Bronze Age when a castle was built that dominated and controlled the whole territory from the top of the hill. Around the castelliere, it developed in the first half of the first millennium BC. under the Roman Empire, Tergeste was the “market town”. In the first half of the 2nd century BC Tergeste is conquered by the Romans and the territory that goes from the hill to the sea becomes a military colony.

In 1468, Trieste dominated by Austria, under the order of Emperor Frederick III, built a fortified house, flanked by a tower, on top of the hill of San Giusto, to house the imperial captain, whose task was to control the town. Today “Casa del Capitano”. In the following centuries the structure of the Castle developed around the Casa del Capitano. Between 1508 and 1509 Trieste was dominated by the Venetians whose project was to build a real triangular fortress with three bastions at the top. They only managed to build the first bastion, called Rotondo or Veneto, which was circular around the tower. The Lalio or Hoyos Bastion, with its polygonal shape, was built in 1553-1557 while the triangular Bastione Fiorito or Pomis was completed in 1636.

Crossing the drawbridge, you enter the large entrance vestibule, cross vaulted, built in the mid-1500s together with the Lalio Bastion.

During the restorations of the 1930s, several ancient tombstones were placed on the walls of the vestibule, partly related to the history of the Castle, partly coming from the demolition of ancient houses in the Old Town area of Trieste and others from Istria.

At the end of the vestibule there are two large nineteenth-century hour-tick automata, known in the city as Michez and Jachez, coming from the clock of the municipal building of Trieste in Piazza dell’Unità d’Italia.

Crossing the vestibule leads to a vast open space, the Cortile delle Milizie so named perhaps for the military use of the castle from the mid-eighteenth century. The deep well-cistern that gave water to the Castle is surrounded by seventeenth-eighteenth-century tombstones relating to the Torre del Porto and the Palazzo di Città, which were once located in the Piazza Grande, the current square of the Unification of Italy.

The first room encountered in the Civic Museum of the Castle-Armory is the fifteenth-century chapel dedicated to San Giorgio. The presbytery area shows its original late Gothic appearance and is covered by a cross vault. At the center of the vault there is the coat of arms of Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg and then at the bottom are the shields of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola on which are engraved the date 1471 and the acronym “AEIOU”, chosen as the motto by the emperor . The heads of the Austrian imperial eagle were chiseled at the end of the First World War with the reunification of Trieste with Italy. The statue on the altar is a wooden Crucifix, ascribable to a north-European workshop from the 17th century and the wooden statue of a saint (San Giovanni Evangelista or San Paolo), dates back to the first quarter of the 15th century.

When the Castle was transformed into a museum in 1935, a large double spiral staircase in stone was built in the entire height of the castle with walls adorned with pole weapons from the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Municipality of Trieste in 1933 paid homage to an illustrious person in Trieste history and publishing Giuseppe Caprin (1843-1904), purchasing from the heirs the furnishings of the house that had been one of the most important Italian cultural salons in the nineteenth century. At the Castle, the Sala Veneta of the Casa di Caprin has become the Sala Caprin, the room where the patriot from Trieste kept his collection of Venetian objects from the 16th-18th centuries.

The coffered ceiling frames the large canvas with the Triumph of Venice by Andrea Celesti (1639-1700). The two wooden sculptures depict the Doges (18th century) and a wooden sculpture from the 18th century. XVII which depicts St. George killing the dragon. The fifteenth-century room has kept its original structure, with the Gothic vault, decoration with golden stars on a blue background and the original terracotta floor. The Renaissance decoration that frames the fireplace and the elegant majolica tiles that cover the walls come from the Sala Veneta of the Caprin house.

The collection of weapons in the Armory was formed around a nucleus of ancient war weapons and city halberds. The weapons are exhibited in the three walkways, covered, and are characterized by a notable chronological and typological variety: halberds, partisans, corsesche, falcions, swords, daggers, bayonets, crossbows, mortars, rifles, pistols. Many of the weapons on display were donated by private collectors and even bought in antique markets.

On the right side of the courtyard is the entrance to the Tergestino Lapidarium, located in the so-called “underground” of the Lalio Bastion.

130 between inscriptions and sculptures tell the story of Roman Tergeste with the monuments of the Capitoline area, sacred buildings, the theater and the necropolis.




The Victory Lighthouse was born from an idea of the Trieste architect Arduino Berlam who, after the defeat of Caporetto and the battle of the Piave, wanted to design an imposing work whose functions included the commemoration of the sailors who fell in the First World War and the guide for the night navigation in the Gulf of Trieste.

The works began in 1923 and the inauguration took place on May 24, 1927 in the presence of King Vittorio Emanuele III.

The Lighthouse was built on the Poggio di Gretta site, 60 meters above sea level and with a large base that incorporates the round

bastion of the former Austrian Fort Kressich, completed in 1854. One of the most important defense structures in the gulf and in the city, built by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1854, remained efficient for almost thirty years. 12 long 48-pound, 5 short 48-pound, 10 24-pound, and 20 8-pound guns, a gallery with musket slots, a moat, a drawbridge, wide and deep dungeons and the connection to Barcola, all this constituted the Kressich Fort. The 68.85 meters high structure is clad in Orsera stone in the upper part and in Gabria karst stone in the lower part.

At the top of the column, the coffa, decorated with scales, supported by a capital and built in Naples, contains the bronze and crystal cage of the lantern.

On top of the dome there is the statue of Victory, 7.20 meters high, by the Trieste sculptor Giovanni Mayer, built in copper and weighing 7 quintals, forged in Giacomo Srebot’s workshop in Via Donato Bramante, a gift from the Trieste shipowners The peculiarity of the statue was that despite being made of metal it was able to be elastic under the gusts of the bora and that is to move its wings. In fact, its builder had inserted inside the statue a steel rod with a diameter of 20 centimeters equipped with a strong sleeve at the height of the chest and armed with spiral rotating metal arms and on the latter he fixed the statue which then came equipped with a support core with a long and sturdy foot fixed in the masonry.In this way the external pressure due to the strong wind was compensated by the movement of the internal tie rods.Srebot had established that every fifty years it was necessary to intervene inside the statue to regulate the wings and allow a balanced movement of the entire system. Trieste says that a few years ago an old man who claimed to be a collaborator of Srebot and who had come to regulate the internal system of the statue presented himself to the lighthouse keepers. The guardians thought he was crazy and turned him away …. Who knows …
At the base of the lighthouse, above the pedestal, is the statue of the unknown sailor (8.60 meters high) by Giovanni Mayer, made by master stonemason Regolo Salandini with the use of 100 tons of stone from Vrsar and, under the statue ,
the anchor of the destroyer Audace is posted, the first Italian warship that, on November 3, 1918, reached the port of Trieste, mooring at Molo San Carlo, since then called Molo Audace. The anchor was donated on February 3, 1924 by Admiral Thaon de Revel and the plaque reads “Made before any other sacred by the waters of the gem redeemed on November 3, 1918”. Next to the anchor were two shells from the guns of the Austrian battleship Viribus Unitis which are now placed alongside the entrance. In total, the Victory Lighthouse cost 5,265,000 Lire.
The monument is dedicated to the sailors who fell in the First World War, as testified by the sentence of the poet Gabriele D’Annunzio on the base “SHINE AND REMEMBER THE FALLEN ON THE SEA MCMXV – MCMXVIII”.